Manchester Visitor information
An Introduction to Manchester
It was only in the Industrial Revolution of 18th and 19th centuries that Manchester exploded from a medieval town. The life of the city was the subject matter of artists such as Lowry. The new Manchester wheel in the Millennium quarter offers the chance to see the city from an elevated height.
Attractions in Manchester
Historical attractions in Manchester include the Roman Fort at Castlefield and the John Rylands Library with its 2nd century fragment of the New Testament up to the post-Reformation church of St Marys with its important art collection, via England's widest cathedral. The Air Raid Shelters at Stockport gained the award for Small Visitor Attraction of the Year at Manchester Tourism Awards 2010.
Travelling to Manchester
The A57, A34, A665 and A6 connect to run as a ring road around the city, further out the M60 connects to the M56, M66, M67 and the M62.
There are many train stations in Manchester: Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Victoria and Densgate Rail and Salford central rail. All are connected to each other and run regular services between one another and connect to London Waterloo.
Manchester has it's own international airport and this is a 20 minute drive to the centre of Manchester. Bus and train services are also avaliable.
By Bus and Coach
National Express run coaches to Manchester regularly and the journey is over 5 hours from London. Bus operators in the area include Arriva, Stagecoach and First.
There is evidence of Bronze Age activity in the form of burial sites. The Roman fort of Mamucium was established AD 79 near a crossing point on the River Medlock.
Manchester became a market town in 1301 when it received its Charter. In the 14th century it was home to a community of Flemish weavers, who settled in the town to produce wool and linen, thus beginning the tradition of cloth manufacture. By the sixteenth century the wool trade had made Manchester a flourishing market town and it remained a small market town until the late 18th century, and the beginning of the Industrial Revolution.
In the 19th century, championed by local industrialist Daniel Adamson, the Manchester Ship Canal was built as a way to reverse the lack of trade due to Liverpool. It gave the city direct access to the sea allowing it to export its manufactured goods directly. When completed in 1894 it allowed Manchester to become Britain's third busiest port, despite being 40 miles inland.
In the Second World War Manchester played a key role as an industrial manufacturing city, the Avro aircraft factory built aircraft for the RAF, the most famous being the Avro Lancaster bomber. As a consequence of its war efforts the city suffered heavily from bombing during The Blitz in 1940 to 1941.
Universities in Manchester